DEVRENT VALLEY has various types of fairy chimneys. Among these are those with caps, cones, mushroom like forms pillar and pointed rocks. With the action of smaller, secondary volcanoes and the action of rivers, wind and flood waters, this layer of tuff has slowly but steadily been eroded to produce the rock formations know as “fairy chimmeys”. We will take a walk through this amazing valley.
ZELVE OPEN AIR MUSEUM has the most important churches in the valley. Balikli, Uzumlu, and Geyikli, blong to the Pre Iconoclastic period. The valley was inhabited until 1952. Apart from monasteries and churches, houses, a mill, a mosque, and several dovecotes are found in the valley.
PASABAGLARI (MONKS VALLEY) Many fairy chimneys with multiple stems and caps can be found here, this style being unique to this area. A chapel dedicated to St. Simeon and a hermit’s shelter is built into one such fairy chimney with three heads.
AVANOS is known for the pottery, a craft dating back to the Hittite period. The red clay which is worked by local craftsmen comes from the residue in the Kizilirmak river. The Kizilirmak, which divides Avanos into two, is Anatolia’s longest river.
GOREME OPEN AIR MUSEUM is the place where this religious education was started. You will visit the churhcesö chapels and monasteries carved into the fairy chimmeys from the 10th to the 13th centuries with fresgos painted on the walls. In the 4th century three important men created a now unity here they are the Great St. Basil, Bishop of Kayseri his brother St Gregory of Nyssa and St. George of Nazianus.
PIGEON VALLEY here you will see where the Pigeons and hear of how they were used to help the people. Some examples where to send messages and to fertiziize the grapes. Also you will see a wonderful panoromic view.
UCHISAR CASTLE is the highest point in the region. The castle and its surrounds used to be the most populated area this settlement, which resembles Ortahisar in style. The top of the citadel provides a magnificent panorama of the surrounding area.
DERINKUYU or KAYMAKLI UNDERGROUND CITY these two underground cities where dwellings for the christian communitiest to use as refuges. It contains all the usual rooms found in an underground city such as stables, cellars, storage rooms, refectories, churches, and wineries. Apart from these, was a missionary school.
IHLARA VALLEY this canyon was created by the cracking and collapsing which occurred as basalt and andesite lava from Mt. Hassadag cooled. The Melendiz river found its way through these cracks, eroding the canyon bed and helping to form canyon we see today.
SELIME is situated at the end of the Ihlara valley. Fairy chimneys rest on the steep hillside, and a basilica style cathedral the Selime Sultan tomb, a hollowed out citadel and churches are also found here.
YAPRAKHISAR Monastery, panoramic view point.
AGZIKARAHAN CARAVANSERAI were a very important place for the Seljuk rulers of Anatolia to trade. They deveopled the old trade routes, and built Caravansaries along the way to act as shelters and provide protection to traders.