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Ancient Pergamum (or Pergamon) was renowned in Hellenic and Roman times for its great library and as the medical center where Galen laid the foundation for medical practice.
Modern Bergama (BEHR-gah-mah, pop. 50,000) is a farming town, but there’s lots to see: the ancient Acropolis with its dramatic hillside theater,
a good archeological museum, the huge Red Basilica, and the many marble columns of the Asclepion (medical center).